HANFU “Hanfu” is short for “Han Chinese Traditional Clothing,” which is defined by the left-over-right cross collared tradition that was worn by the Huaxia tribes – now officially defined as the “Han ethnicity.” Left-over-right means that yang energy from the heart encompasses over the yin energy, and is how all civilized, living people wear their clothes – Korea, Japan, Vietnam, and Ryukyu all learned and use this principle. Today, the term is an umbrella term for indigenous Chinese clothing designs from before the Manchu Qing (read: Ch’ing) dynasty. This is to stand in contrast with the OTHER popular “Chinese clothing”: The Qipao (Ch’i-P’ao) and Cheongsam with the high Mandarin buttoned-up collars. Hanfu uses mainly ties attached on the clothes to hold it together – belts are used as accessories and are not mandatory. Buttons are usually hidden, and only the later Ming designs, with their elaborate gold embroideries, use metal snap locks to fasten up.